proportional representation


proportional representation
(PR)
   The name given to a series of electoral systems in which there is a broad proximity in the ratio of votes obtained in the election to seats won in the legislature. PR systems make use of multi-member constituencies or districts which ensure a greater degree of proportionality than that which applies in singlemember systems such as first past the post (FPTP). Most European countries use electoral systems based on some form of PR, party lists being common in Western Europe (for example, Netherlands and Spain) and mixed member proportional systems (see additional member system) in a number of the post-communist democracies (for example, Hungary and Poland). Single transferable vote is used in Ireland and Malta. PR systems are said by their proponents to be fairer to small parties and favourable to the representation in the legislature of minority groups, thus producing a chamber which broadly reflects the composition and outlook of the population as a whole. They also discourage wasted votes on the part of people who vote for candidates or parties that do not get into the parliament. Critics blame PR for encouraging the development of many small parties whose representation in the legislature makes coalition government more likely. They prefer the ‘strong government’ associated with single-party administrations which are more likely to flourish where FPTP is employed.

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Proportional representation — (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of… …   Wikipedia

  • proportional representation — n. a system of voting that gives minority parties representation in a legislature in proportion to their popular vote …   English World dictionary

  • proportional representation — n. System of election that distributes seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for particular candidates or parties. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • proportional representation — ► NOUN ▪ an electoral system in which parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them …   English terms dictionary

  • proportional representation — a method of voting by which political parties are given legislative representation in proportion to their popular vote. [1865 70] * * * Electoral system in which the share of seats held by a political party in the legislature closely matches the… …   Universalium

  • proportional representation — noun representation of all parties in proportion to their popular vote • Hypernyms: ↑representation * * * noun [noncount] : a system in which the number of seats held by members of a political party in a legislature (such as a parliament) is… …   Useful english dictionary

  • proportional representation — A method of stockholder voting that allows minority shareholders and groups of small shareholders to have a better chance of getting representation on a Board of Directors than under statutory voting. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • proportional representation — A method of election which gives representation to minority interests. In connection with elections for political office, the Supreme Court has held that the Constitution does not require proportional representation. Davis v. Bandemer, 478 U.S.… …   Black's law dictionary

  • proportional representation — N UNCOUNT Proportional representation is a system of voting in which each political party is represented in a parliament or legislature in proportion to the number of people who vote for it in an election …   English dictionary

  • proportional representation — /prəˌpɔʃənəl rɛprəzɛnˈteɪʃən / (say pruh.pawshuhnuhl repruhzen tayshuhn) noun 1. a system of electing representatives to a legislative body in which there are a number of members representing any one electorate. The number of successful… …   Australian English dictionary


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